Patient Education

Past middle age, say after 50 years of age

Past middle age, say after 50 years of age, even if you enjoy relatively good vision now, visiting your eye specialist once a year is the best thing you can do to care for your eyes. Getting an eye exam is more important now than ever before, because as you get older, you are at higher risk of developing several age-related eye diseases and conditions, including — Age-related macular degeneration, Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy, Glaucoma.

During this exam, drops are placed in the eyes to dilate or widen the pupils (the round opening in the center of the eye). The eye care professional uses a special magnifying lens to examine the retina (the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye) and optic nerve (the bundle of fibers that send signals from the retina to the brain) for signs of damage and other eye problems. You can do the following things to protect your vision:

■ ■Stop smoking

■ ■Eat a diet rich in green leafy vegetables and fish

■ ■Exercise

■ ■Maintain normal blood pressure

■ ■Wear sunglasses and a brimmed hat anytime you are outside in bright sunshine

■ ■Wear safety eyewear when working around your house or playing sports

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